Being an area with a highly integrated of Chinese and Western cultures, Macau had an original culture which belongs to a part of Chinese culture. However, due to the long-term colonization of Portugal, a unique Macanese culture and special Macau gaming industry are established, constituting a unique combination of Chinese and Western cultures.
Macau is an international free port and world tourism and leisure center, not only as one of the most densely populated areas, but also one of the four largest gambling cities in the world. Its famous light industry, tourism, hotel industry, and casinos have made Macau prosperous and become one of the most developed and abundant regions in the world. Gaming is the main industry of Macau, and has driven a diversified development of its tourism to grow prosperously. In addition to gaming industry, Macau also has food, cultural sites, and European-style churches. The historical city of Macau has retained many old buildings that are classified into cultural heritages of the world.
On December 20, 1999, under the witness of the heads of state of China and Portugal, Macau was returned to the People's Republic of China and accordingly became a special administrative region of China. However, it still maintains an independent intellectual property authority, the Intellectual Property Department of the Economic Bureau, whose source of the law is based on the industrial property code announced on December 13, 1999. Patent protections of Macau are categorized into three types of protection, namely invention patent, utility patent and industrial model and design. In addition the invention patents filed in Macau, the invention patents filed or registered with the CNIPA can also have the protections thereof extend to Macau.
Besides the protection of patent rights, the Intellectual Property Department of the Economic Bureau also accepts applications for other intellectual property right protections, such as registration of trademarks, copyrights, and semiconductor product topologies. All applications related to intellectual property rights can be filed in Chinese or Portuguese.